Goju Ryu Terminology

Please find below a selection of the more common phrases you will meet in your Goju Ryu Karate training.

Numbers

Ichi : One
Ni : Two
San : Three
Shi : Four
Go : Five
Roku : Six
Shichi : Seven
Hachi : Eight
Ku : Nine
Ju : Ten

The Burton Dojo opening and closing ceremony

Shugo! : Line up!
Ki o tsuke : Stand to attention
Seiza : Kneel
Mokuso : Observe meditation
Mokuso yame : Finish meditating
Shomen ni : Face the front of the dojo
Rei : Bow
Sensei ni : Face your teacher
Rei : Bow
Otagai ni : Face your partner
Rei : Bow
Shomen : Face the front of the dojo
Kiritsu : Stand up

Punches (zuki)

Jodan: face punch
Chudan zuki : Chest punch
Gedan zuki : Groin punch
Age zuki : Rising punch
Choku zuki : Straight punching from a parallel stance
Furi zuki : Circular punch
Gyaku zuki : Reverse punch
Kizame Zuki : Jab Punch
Oi zuki : Lunge punch
Seiken zuki : Forefist punch
Ura zuki : Close range punch

Blocks (Uke)

Jodan uke : Upper level block
Age uke : Rising block
Chudan uke : Middle level block
Gedan barai : Lower level sweep
Jodan uke : Upper level block
Hiji uke : Elbow block
Hiki uke : Pulling / grasping block
Hiza uke : Knee block
Ko uke : Wrist block
Shotei barai : Palm heel sweep
Shotei uke : Palm heel block
Soto uke : Forearm block (block from outside moving inward to the centre line of the body)
Sukui uke : Scooping block
Tora guchi uke - Tiger mouth block (sometimes called Mawashi Uke meaning 'round block')

Strikes (Uchi)

Uraken uchi : Back fist strike
Empi ate : Elbow strike (sometimes called Hiji Ate)
Haito uchi : Ridge hand strike
Hiji atemi : Elbow strikes
Hiraken uchi: Fore knuckle fist strike
Hiza geri : Knee strike (sometimes called Hiza Uchi)
Ko uchi : Wrist strike
Mawashi empi uchi : Round elbow strike
Nukite uchi : Spear hand strike
Shuto uchi : Knife-hand strike
Sokuto uchi : Foot edge strike
Teisho uchi : Palm heel strike (sometimes called "Shotei uchi")
Tetsui uchi : Bottom fist strike

Kicking (Geri)

Mae geri : Front kick
Mawashi geri : Roundhouse kick
Yoko geri : Side kick
Ushiro geri : Back kick
Hiza geri : Knee kick
Kensetsu geri : Stamping kick, joint kick
Mae ashi geri : Front leg kick
Tobi geri : Jumping kick

Stances (Dachi)

Hachiji dachi : Natural stance
Han zenkutsu dachi : Half forward stance
Heiko dachi : Parallel stance
Heisoku dachi : Formal attention stance, feet together
Kokutsu dachi : Back stance
Kosa dachi : Crouched stance
Musubi dachi : Formal attention stance, feet turned out
Neko ashi dachi : Cat stance
Reinoji dachi - L stance (sometimes called "haraisa dachi")
Sanchin dachi : Hour glass stance
Sesan dachi : Side facing straddle stance
Shiko dachi : Box stance
Zenkutsu dachi : Long stance

Training Equipment

Chi ishi : Lever weighted stone
Ishi sashi : Stone padlocks
Kongo ken : Iron ring
Makiwara : Striking board
Nigiri game : Gripping jars
Tan : Barbells

Grades

Shodan : 1st Dan
Nidan : 2nd Dan
Sandan : 3rd Dan
Yondan : 4th Dan
Godan : 5th Dan
Rokudan : 6th Dan
Nanadan : 7th Dan
Hachidan : 8th Dan

General Terms

Ashi barai : Foot sweep
Budo : Martial Way; Martial arts
Bunkai : Study of kata applications and techniques
Chudan : Middle level
Dan : Level
Do : Way; Path
Dojo : Training place
Dojo kun : Dojo rules
Gasshuku : Special karate training camp
Gedan : Lower level
Geri : Kick
Gi : Jacket; training costume; tunic
Go : Hard; unyielding
Go kumite : Hard sparring
Goju Ryu Karate Do : Hard / Soft style, empty handed Way
Hai : Yes
Hajime : Begin
Hara : Stomach
Heishugata : "Closed Fist" kata (Sanchin and Tensho)
Hidari : Left
Hiji : Elbow
Hiza : Knee
Hojo undo : Supplementary exercises
Honbu Dojo : Central dojo of an organization
Ippon kumite : One point sparring
Jodan : Upper level
Ju : Soft; flexible
Junbi Undo : Warm up exercises
Kaishugata : "Open fist" kata (Gekisai, Saifa, etc.)
Kakie : Push hands
Kamae : Combative posture
Kamae te : Assume stance
Kanji : Chinese characters
Karate : Empty hand
Karate-Do : The way of Karate
Kata : Forms
Keage : Snap action
Ken : Fist
Kenkon : The symbol of the I.O.G.K.F. Literally "Heaven and Earth"
Ki o tsuke : Attention (phonetically " kee-ut-ski")
Kiai : Focusing shout
Kihon : Basic techniques
Kokomi : Thrust action
Koshi : Ball of the foot
Kumite : Sparring
Kyu : White to brown belt rank
Mae : Front
Mawatte : Turn around
Migi : Right
Mokuso : Silent contemplation, meditation
Muchimi : Heavy, sticky action
Obi : Training uniform belt
Oyo bunkai : Study of techiques in kata (similar to Bunkai but including follow-up techniques not shown in kata)
Otagai : Training partner
Randori : Free sparring, relaxed sparring (sometimes called "Jiyu kumite")
Rei : Bow
Sandan gi : Three level sparring
Seiken : Fore fist
Seiza : Formal sitting position (kneeling on your haunches, feet crossed)
Semete : Attacking partner
Shime : Sanchin testing
Shomen : The front
Shugo : Line up
Ski atte : Change hands
Suri ashi : Sliding step
Tai sabaki : Body evasion ability
Tanden : The body's power centre
Te : Hand
Ude : Forearm
Ude tanren : Forearm conditioning
Uke harai : Blocking exercises
Ushiro : Back, rear
Waza : Techniques
Yakusoku kumite : Pre-arranged sparring
Yame : Stop
Yoi : Ready
Yoko : Side
Zanshin : Awareness